Master Maing Yul Jung
also taught me
styles of tai chi and pa kua internal martial arts.
Tai Chi Chuan (taijiquan) is becoming popular in this country as an alternative exercise. Unfortunately, as with anything that is not well known, a lot of untrue claims about it are being made. It IS a very good form of exercise. But "slow moving" does not mean "without effort". As with any exercise, it requires sweat and perseverance to yield any major health benefits. Tai Chi Chuan was originally an effective martial art, that
is to say, it was used to fight. The original forms of the art were very strenuous, and had combinations of fluid slower movement and explosive quick movement. Over time various students came up with "different" and "simpler" styles of tai chi. Also, certain Chinese physical education organisations tried to develop standardized forms that would make the exercise aspects more accessible to a wider variety of people, further moving away from the practical fighting aspects of this martial art.
Master Jung and I figure 17 tai chi chuan figure 18 pa kua zhang
Figure 17 shows me performing the 24 movement simplified Tai Chi form during a test at my school.
Pa Kua Zhang (baguazhang) has been called the last truly unique martial art. It is the youngest, but it is entirely different than other martial arts in movement and technique. The primary offensive weapon is the palm (zhang) and the movements of this art are mostly circular. There are many different variations of this art, however, as in tai chi and other martial arts. So, there are some styles called "pa kua" that look more similar to other, more traditional Chinese fighting styles. Figure 18 was taken at the school I attended.
figure 19 pa kua zhang figure 20 pa kua zhang
There are two short
of one style of pakua here. These are from a series of 8 different
Here is change number three
(FIG.19 flv video 636 kb) , and this is change number eight.
(FIG. 20 flv video 728 kb) (realplayer G2 required for
During my time at the school. I was shown many different excercises in Pa-Kua, and a few different styles.
Pa Kua, Tai Chi, and Hsing Yi are the 3 major "internal" Chinese martial arts. Sometimes, too much emphasis is placed on what defines "internal" from "external". Sometimes, too much emphasis is placed on what "this" style is compared to "that" style. Currently, in this country (USA), there is a lot of interest in Chinese philosophy, spirituality, medicine, and martial arts. Since the "spiritual" aspects of life are hard to quantify in a hard, scientific manner, these elements can easily be used to mislead or cheat people. A lot of the foundation for this interest, I believe, is the mistaken belief that one can get something (like good health, or physical strength, or self-defence ability) for nothing, or almost nothing. For one to reap the spiritual benefits of the legendary masters (or even a portion thereof) , and their fighting prowess, one has to work extremely hard. This is training for hours every day; this is fasting; this is a lifelong special regimen of diet and training. This is basically leading a life like....a monk, perhaps. It is NOT going to a one and a half hour class 3 times a week and eating pizzas on the weekends. It is NOT attending a one week seminar, or even a 3 month seminar once--or even once a year.
From this point, I'm posting the occasional video or picture as a record of what I can still do. What follows will be in reverse-chronological order, with the newest stuff at the top (or immediately below this sentence.) It is helpful to remember that I stopped all formal learning in 1996.
After all this time has passed, I have come down to practicing just 4
tai chi routines. Those are: 1) 24-Movement Simplified (this was
developed in 1956, mostly from Yang style by the Chinese Sports
to make tai chi accessible to more people (according to various sources)). 2) 48-Movement Simplified (this was developed in 1976, and was built with techniques taken from various styles of Tai Chi(according to various sources)).
3) 60-movement combination form (this is what I've seen it called...but I can't find any other information on it.) 4) 32-Movement Long Sword Form (this was developed in 1957 by the Chinese Sports Committess (according to
As far as the Pa Kua goes....I am not sure which styles of Pa Kua I was taught. I know that the walking "breathing" exercise sets pair with the palm change sets, but that's all I know.
It's possible to see some variation over time as I do these exercises...but I've been doing this is for over 20 years. My body doesn't move like it used to.
July 27 2017-- It was still hot out. This is how I'm doing the 24 Movement Simplified Tai Chi form..
24 movement simplified tai chi 7/27/17 (wmv)
July 22 2017-- It's hot out. Here are three pakua changes. On good days I can walk ok and on bad days I can't...walk ok. This was a better day.
3 palm changes-#3,#7,#8 7/22/17 (wmv)
April 22 2017-- You do the math...I've gathered a lot of birthdays.. I can't do high crescent kicks any more. Still, this is the 48 movement simplified form again--without high crescent kicks.
48 Movement simplified 4/22/17 (wmv)
August 2, 9, 12 2014-- I'm 59 years old, that it. Some clips I shot today.2st Pakua Set change 3 (wmv)
August 2, 9, 12 2014-- I'm
58 years old, so I don't move like a youngster. . That just comes with
the territory. This week, I've shot these clips. I also shot clips of
my internal forms, and
those are on the other page.
2st Pakua Set counterclockwise (wmv) (mp4)
2st Pakua Set clockwise (wmv) (mp4)
2st Pakua breathing set (wmv) (mp4)
3rd Pakua Set counterclockwise (wmv) (mp4)
3rd Pakua Set clockwise (wmv) (mp4)
3rd Pakua breathing set (wmv) (mp4)
tai chi 60 movement combination form (wmv) (mp4)
32 movement tai chi sword (wmv) (mp4)
1st Pakua Set counterclockwise (wmv) (mp4)
1st Pakua Set clockwise (wmv) (mp4)
1st Pakua breathing set (wmv) (mp4)
April 13, 2013-- On weekends, or with enough free time, I've been running/walking 1/1/2 - 2 miles, then doing pushups, then a number of exercises to straighten my spine. After that, I still do some form work. Here's what I filmed today (with some on the other page).
1st Pakua Set video 12.3mb
2nd Pakua Set video 15.7mb
3rd Pakua Set video 16.7mb
tai chi combination form video 29.4mb
32 movement tai chi sword video 11.7mb
September 03, 2012-- I'm still doing what I can. Now I've been running/walking 1/1/2 - 2 miles, then doing pushups, then a number of exercises to straighten my spine. After that, I still do some form work.
3nd Pakua Set video 16.3mb 48 movement simplified tai chi video 43.9mb
August 08, 2012-- I'm still doing what I can. Now I've been running/walking 1/1/2 - 2 miles, then doing pushups, then a number of exercises to straighten my spine. After that, I still do some form work.
2nd Pakua Set video 15.3mb Tai Chi Sword Form video 13.5mb Simplified Combination Tai Chi Form video 33mb
June 09, 2012-- I'm still doing what I can. Now I've been running/walking 1/1/2 - 2 miles, then doing pushups, then a number of exercises to straighten my spine. After that, I still do some form work. Regardless of how they look, I'm still doing these 26 years after I first started learning them. I did these all today after doing the run, etc., and after doing the exercises on the other page.
3 Pakua Sets Combination Form Tai Chi 32 movement Tai Chi Sword
1st Set Pakua video 9.6mb Combination Form video 5.6mb Sword Form video 5.5mb
2nd Set Pakua video 14.3mb
3rd Set Pakua video 13.2mb
July 30, 2011-- I guess I've been offically put on notice. I'm not as young as I used to be. There are some things that folks my age should consider not doing any more. However, there are still things that I can still do, without stressing certain anatomical structures (such as cerivical disks). I use my excercises now to maintain range of motion, and I can also evaluate how things are healing. Today, I've collected together some of the pakua exercises that I still do.
I was taught these exercises over some years. With each "style" of pakua, there were two sets of exercises.
First, there was a set of walking exercises and breathing exercises. These can be performed at whatever pace is suitable at the time. The idea is to walk with hands in position, then change hands to the next position--walk some more; and continue. One usually doesn't move through all the hand positions quickly, but I've done so in the clips. Otherwise each clip would have been much longer.
Second, there was a set of palm changes for each "style".. These were more technique-oriented, I use them for balance, coordination and breathing. Like any of what I practice, it's mine, and I can use it as I wish. A set of breathing exercises matches a set of palm changes. I still cannot be sure of the names of these styles. Any observed lack of form is entirely my fault. I've also made some changes because certain alterations of my physiology over time have made some types of movement difficult or not advisable.
The first set:
Set 1 breathing Set one palm changes
The second set:
Set 2 breathing Set two palm changes
The third set:
Set 3 breathing Set three palm changesThere was a set of fixed-stance breathing exercises as well. This can be performed hips lower, or a hips higher, as long as the back is held upright. Each stance can be held for as long as needed--1 breath, 10 breaths, or more--before changing position.
There was another set of breathing exercises: Static Breathing ExerciseThese are the basic positions I learned for Long Fist Kung Fu. There are a number of variations for these. I'm doing them slowly here...and like someone over 50.
June 04, 2011-- Here's the 32-movement Simplified Tai Chi sword. Sometimes I do it slower, sometimes I do it faster. This is a bit faster. It's hard to place the camera correctly in order to catch the entire form and keep me in frame. So, I missed some in the clip where I move out of frame. 32-movement simplified Tai Chi sword (partial) (wmv 13.1 mb)
May 28, 2011-- I had bit of a scare on May 18th and I didn't feel well until Friday, May 27th. Besides doing the exercise in general, doing forms can serve as a test of recovering mobility, balance and stamina. Today, I did two weapon forms, and these internal forms.
60-movement combined tai chi (partial) (wmv 13.6 mb) ; pakua set 1 change 2 (wmv 1.7 mb) ; pakua set 2 change 3 (wmv 2.3 mb) ; pakua set 2 change 8 (wmv 2.9 mb) ; pakua set 3 change 7 (wmv 3.3 mb)
December 11, 2010-- I hadn't practiced the 48 Movement Simplified Tai Chi for many years; so I've been refreshing my memory. I've been practicing all the way through for a while, so I thought I'd go through the form quickly. I like the style of the form, and like doing the movements at my own pace. After all, whatever I've learned is mine to use as I want. So, I've filmed the form, so I could see how it looks, and see what to work on. I shot the form starting in opposite directions to try to get at least 2 different views of the positions and movements.
48 Movement Simplified Tai Chi(wmv 45.6mb)
48 Movement Simplified Tai Chi alternate view(wmv 42.8mb)
November 20, 2010-- I shot these video clip during my practice
These are each a quick demo of the full series of 8 changes for each
type. Normally I would walk more between changes, and also do them from
the opposite direction. It's been 14 about years since I've
been in a kung-fu school to learn anything--so all the mistakes are
Pa-Kua set A (wmv 10.3mb)
Pa-Kua set B (wmv 15.3mb)
Pa-Kua set C (wmv 15.4mb)
November 06, 2010-- I shot these video clip during my practice
32 Movement Tai Chi sword (wmv 9.8mb) This is only a part of the full form.
Pa-Kua set A Change 2 (wmv 1.6mb)
Pa-Kua set B Change 3 (wmv 2.1mb)
Pa-Kua set B Change 7 (wmv 2.2mb)
Pa-Kua set B Change 8 (wmv 2.6mb)
14, 2010-- I shot this video clip during my practice
60 Movement combined Tai Chi (wmv 21.5mb)
11, 2010-- I shot these video clips during my practice
Pa-Kua set B change 3 (wmv 1.9mb)
Pa-Kua set B change 5 (wmv 2.1mb)
Pa-Kua set C change 7 (wmv 2.6mb)August 11, 2008-- I shot this video clip during my practice today. It's the 32-movement Tai Chi Sword form.
32 Movement Tai Chi Sword
32 Movement Tai Chi Sword VIDEO(wmv 14.5mb)
27, 2008-- The
images and clips below were taken on March 24, 2008. As mentioned above, I learned 3 "styles"
of palm-change forms, and 4
styles of walking breathing exercises. I've only attended one school
for these styles. Each of the pictures below represents one of four
styles (which I cannot identify). Below each image is a link to a short
video of me walking through a series of 8 changes starting in one
direction. I tried to set the camera so that I could fill the frame.
So, I tried to stay within frame when I'd change direction. I numbered
them in the order I learned them. However, the first set of breathing
exercises goes with the second
set of palm changes above (March 17 sets); and the second set of
breathing exercises goes with the first set of palm changes
BREATHING SET 1 BREATHING SET 2 BREATHING SET 3
SET 1 VIDEO(wmv 5.3mb) SET 2 VIDEO(wmv 6.4mb) SET 3 VIDEO(wmv 5.0mb)
17, 2008--GOOD NEWS!! I've had my hip replaced in 2005. Now, I
can do a lot of what I used to. For now, mostly "internal" style. I've
been practicing the forms I can remember, and as I've rehabilitated my
leg. Details of the hip repair, and then the following healing with
exercise can be seen on this page.
images and clips below were taken on March 15, 2008. Any
mistakes or poor form are entirely my fault, as I haven't had any
formal training since 1996, when I left my martial arts school after 10
years. That's 12 years of practice on my own, less about 4 for hip and
knee problems. Still, I don't think I'm doing badly for someone over
As mentioned above, I learned 3 "styles" of palm-change forms, and 4 styles of walking breathing exercises. I've only attended one school for these styles. Each of the pictures below represents one of those styles (which I cannot identify). Below each image is a link to a short video of me walking through a series of 8 changes starting in one direction. I tried to set the camera so that I could fill the frame. So, I tried to stay within frame when I'd change direction.
STYLE A STYLE B STYLE C
STYLE A VIDEO(wmv 10mb) STYLE B VIDEO(wmv 18mb) STYLE C VIDEO(wmv 17mb)
Here are some links to
some video clips I shot in 2000 and 2001. There's nothing different
about them, except that they were taken some time after my knee
taken links to them off the page, but decided to put them back (it's
June 6, 2010), just as a record of how long I've been practicing the
same exercises. I learned three different sets of changes, which
I call "A", "B", and "C". I don't know for sure where each originated.
By the time these were shot (2000), I'd been practicing on my own for
about 5 years (I'd left the school in 1996)--so any lack of technique
should be my fault.
pa kua zhang
In July of 1999 I had to get knee surgery due to injuries from a car accident. As a result, I've lost some function of one leg, and so may not be able to do ALL of the exercises I used to do. As of 2004, the knee hasn't improved much, and there has been some damage to the hip as well. That certainly puts a kink on my practice schedule! As time has gone on, I've had to curtail quite a bit of this activity.Click here to go back to the main martial arts page.
to go back to the home page of this....this....whatever the heck I'm